Coffee Harvest In Colombia
Here are the latest updates on the coffee harvest in Colombia. In the central zone of Colombia, the coffee harvest is at its peak, while in the north, particularly in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, coffee-producing organizations have opened collection points. This marks the beginning of shipments from the second half of October. Notably, changing weather conditions due to the El Niño phenomenon have brought uncertainties, though it's too early to predict their impact on quality and volumes.
Producer Mauricio Tovar - Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta - Colombia
Let's delve into the climate nuances. The central zone experiences two dry seasons from October to December and May to June, with the other months being the wet season. The central-south zone's dry seasons align with the central-north zone, resulting in two main harvests. The north zone experiences its sole dry season from December to March, with the rainy season spanning from April to November.
Colombia offers a year-round supply of Arabica coffee, thanks to its diverse climate, altitudes, ecosystems, and microclimates. The country is divided into five regions and 32 departments, with 22 being coffee-producing. Harvests vary across regions, with the south having a primary harvest from March to June, the central zone enjoying two harvests from March to June and September to December, and the north witnessing a primary harvest from September to December.
Producer Mario Fernando - Huila - Colombia
Coffee Varieties and Regions
Colombian coffees exhibit distinct taste profiles based on their cultivation region. In the north, notes of chocolate, caramel, and nuts dominate, with medium-low acidity leaning towards citrus. The central zone, including the Coffee Cultural Landscape, Antioquia, and Huila, offers diverse tastes characterized by strong aromas, balanced acidity, medium body, and notes of herbs, fruits, sweetness, and citrus. The south zone, featuring Cauca, the southern part of Huila, and Nariño, stands out for robust bodies, medium-high acidity, and notes of herbs, sweetness, citrus, and even spice.
Turning to the economic front, Colombia holds the third position globally in coffee production. The coffee sector, representing 1% of the country's total GDP in 2021, plays a pivotal role in job creation. Over 700,000 direct jobs are generated in the coffee sector, constituting 25% of employment in Colombia's agricultural landscape.
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